What Is a Supernova?

What Is a Supernova in Simple Terms?

This is what a supernova is. Supernovas happen when stars run out of nuclear fuel to burn. So if you want to understand what a supernova is in simple terms, then you’re in the right place. Let’s get started! Supernovas Explained in Simple Terms Ask any astronomer which celestial event they most want to observe.  More than likely, all will quickly answer: “supernova!”  But, what is a supernova?  How do supernovae occur?  Are we in danger?  This article brings you everything you need to know about star explosions with Supernovas Explained: The Violent Explosive Death of a Star! Brief Explanation of How Stars Work Stars, like our Sun, are amazing gigantic factories in space.  Deep within their cores, stars are tremendously hot.  In fact, our Sun’s core is a sweltering 27 million degrees Fahrenheit.  Not to mention, under such intense conditions, strange things start happening, like nuclear fusion. Simply put, nuclear fusion is the fuel created and burned by stars.  Serving as stars’ lifeblood, fusion pushes powerful energy outward.  However, given their massive sizes, stars create tremendous gravity, constantly pushing in on themselves. Therefore, stars maintain a beautiful balance of pushing in and pushing out.  In fact, they maintain this symmetry for millions, billions, or even trillions of years. What Is a Supernova? Stars can live for millions, billions, or even trillions of years.  Actually, our Sun is nearly five billion years old and is only halfway through its life. But, unlike humans, when stars die, they explode violently in a supernova.  And, these cosmic explosions pack the equivalent of more than a million megatons of dynamite. What Causes a Supernova? Through nuclear fusion, stars pump incredible amounts of energy outward.  However, with their massive sizes, stars also create tremendous gravity, pushing back inward on themselves.  Therefore, stars maintain a fascinating balance of pushing in and pushing out.  Actually, this process, lasting for billions of years, is how stars stay alive. Eventually, stars run out of nuclear fuel to burn. Therefore, they no longer push energy outward.  As a result, gravity easily wins, collapsing all of a star’s power and mass in on itself. Now, the entire mass of the star is crushed down into an extremely small space.  Density and pressure become unimaginable. As a result, this smashed, tightly packed material explodes like a gigantic nuclear bomb.  In fact, this is truly a nuclear bomb, called a supernova. How Often Do Supernovae Occur? Actually, supernovae are constantly happening throughout the universe.  After all, there are unfathomable amounts of stars in our universe.  Therefore, the odds of one exploding are very high.  But, how often do stars explode in our Milky Way galaxy? Well, though nobody can know for sure, a supernova within our galaxy is most likely to occur once every 50 years.  However, even our own galaxy is incredibly large.  Therefore, even a supernova within the Milky Way can easily be too far away to see. Astronomers constantly monitor the stars around us.  Furthermore, they keep tabs on the stars that are most likely to “go supernova” next.  What Would a Supernova Look Like From Earth? The year 1054 supernova leftover: Crab Nebula. Supernovae explosions are among the universe’s most violent events.  Packing the power of millions of volcanoes or dynamite, they are anything but small.  But can humans actually see a supernova? Indeed, mankind has observed many supernovae throughout history.  In fact, during the year 1054, multiple civilizations documented a supernova explosion.  Most writings noted a bright new planet that suddenly appeared in the sky.  Ultimately, the infamous explosion left behind the Crab Nebula, one of astronomy’s most recognized objects. In fact, if a supernova occurred nearby today, it would be among the brightest objects in the sky.  Only the full Moon would outshine the explosion.  Actually, a supernova would even shine brightly in our daytime sky for several days or even weeks. Are We in Danger of a Supernova? The most likely next supernova candidate of the Milky Way is IK Pegasi. Simply put, no.  A star would need to explode within 30 to 50 light-years to jeopardize Earth. Fortunately, no stars even remotely close to such distances are prime to explode any time soon.  In fact, the most likely bomb candidate, IK Pegasi, is a safe 150 light-years away.  And, at such distances, we would see the spectacular celestial object, but avoid virtually all danger. However, were a star 30 light-years away to explode, Earth would be in major danger.  Some, or all, of our ozone layer, would disintegrate, leaving us vulnerable to lethal radiation from our Sun. Not to mention, phytoplankton and other aquatic food chain staples would completely parish.  Ultimately, our ocean life and primary food chain would die off, creating massive evolutionary problems. Plus, essential gases in our atmosphere, like nitrogen and oxygen, would likely be ionized by bombarding radiation.  Eventually, this would cause obvious dangers to most living organisms. Alas, Earth seems to be quite safe from supernovae for several million or billions of years.  Yet, hopefully, we will experience a supernova from a safe distance.  After all, this would be one of the most notable sights in recent human history.

10 Stars Which Turn Supernova Next.

10 Stars Which Turn Supernova Next

Here are the 10 stars most likely to go supernova next: RS Ophiuchi 119 Tauri Pi Puppis Rigel Gamma Velorum Betelgeuse Antares Alpha Lupi Spica IK Pegasi Supernovas are visible during the day for up to several weeks or months. So if you want to learn all about which stars are most likely to supernova next, then you’re in the right place. Let’s jump right in! Stars and Supernovas Stars are delicate machines, using perfect balances of gravity pushing in and nuclear power pushing out.  When a massive enough star runs out of nuclear fuel, gravity wins, and the star collapses on itself.  Now, a massive explosion happens, a supernova. But, what is the next star to go supernova? Supernovas emit tremendous energy.  In fact, a supernova would temporarily shine brighter than everything except the Moon in our sky.  Actually, it would even be visible during the day for up to several weeks or months. Now, that would be a true sight. Unfortunately, supernovas in our region of the Milky Way only occur once every 50 to 100 years. Therefore, the science community is constantly trying and hoping to predict which nearby star will explode next.  So, here are the top 10 candidates for the next star to go supernova. Keep reading! #1 RS Ophiuchi Nearly 4,000 light-years away in the constellation, Ophiuchus, RS Ophiuchi is a white dwarf nova system.  Plus, it’s in its late evolutionary stages. RS Ophiuchi is relatively close and prime to go supernova. #2 119 Tauri 119 Tauri is 1,700 light-years away, in the constellation Taurus.  And, as one of the reddest stars seen with the naked eye, 119 Tauri is also 600 times the mass of our Sun and ready to explode. #3 Pi Puppis The next star to go supernova could be Pi Puppis. Constellation Puppis’ second brightest star is only 1,100 light-years from Earth.  Plus, Pi Puppis is a supergiant that has already consumed all of the hydrogens in its core. #4 Rigel The next star to go supernova could be the seventh brightest star in the sky, Rigel.  Actually, Rigel is part of a triple or quadruple star system.  Plus, at 860 light-years away in the constellation Orion, Rigel would put on quite a show. #5 Gamma Velorum Gamma Velorum lies 800 light-years away in the constellation, Vela.  And, as one of the brightest stars in the night sky, Gamma Velorum is part of a four-star system.  Now, Gamma Velorum has already shed its outer layers and is on the way to going supernova. #6 Betelgeuse One of the most notable stars in Orion, and the ninth brightest in the ski, is Betelgeuse. At 640 light-years away, Betelgeuse is a massive red giant star.  In fact, if Betelgeuse were our solar system’s star, it would extend beyond Jupiter’s orbit.  Plus, nearing the end of its life, Betelgeuse is expected to go supernova any day now. #7 Antares Scorpius’ brightest star, Antares, is possibly the next star to go supernova. Not to mention, this massive red supergiant is only 600 light-years away.  In other words, this explosion would create an unparalleled sight in our sky. #8 Alpha Lupi Constellation Lupus’ brightest star, Alpha Lupi, may be the next star to go supernova.  At a measly 460 light-years from Earth, Alpha Lupi has a mass of more than 10 Suns.  Alpha Lupi is locked and ready to go supernova. #9 Spica Spica is the Virgo constellation’s brightest star. It’s also a likely candidate for the next star to go supernova.  Plus, at only 240 light-years away, Spica would put on a display, possibly brighter than a full Moon.  Spica’s explosion would be seen in broad daylight for several weeks. #10 IK Pegasi Only 150 light-years from Earth, IS Pegasi is now a white dwarf.  In other words, the star is in the late evolutionary stages of its life.  Now, it’s only a matter of time before it explodes, giving us an incredible sight in the night and daytime skies.